Muharram (Arabic: المحرّم) sometimes also reffered as Al-Hijra is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year. The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, so Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar, which is solar based. The word “Muharram” means “Forbidden” and is derived from the word harām, meaning “sinful”. It is held to be the most sacred of all the months, excluding Ramadan. Some Muslims fast during these days. The tenth day of Muharram is the Day of Ashura, which to Shia Muslims is part of the Mourning of Muharram or Moharram.
The Shia Muslim community mourns the demise of Hussain Ibn Ali, the son of Ali and the grandson of Prophet Muhammad from the Karbala battle. Karbala is a famous destination of pilgrimage in Iraq. Hussain Ibn Ali was killed in Karbala in 680 AD. Till the end, he fought the army of Yazid I and was finally killed in the battle. The 10th day of Muharram, the Day of Ashura, is an occasion to remember the brave sacrifice of Hussain. The Day of Ashura is also important to Muslims because it is reported that on this day Moses and his followers obtained victory over the Egyptian Pharaoh.
Muharram is considered to be the period of recalling and mourning the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain by the community of Shia Muslims, which starts mourning from the first night of Muharram and will continue for the next 2 months and 8 days. A greater amount of importance is placed on the first ten days of the festival. The community wears black clothes on the opening day of Muharram and submits prayers. Black color denotes the color of grieving. On the tenth day, Shia Muslims take out processions via streets. They walk barefoot on the roads. They sing and suppurate loudly as an act of mourning for Hussain. The same celebration is observed during the Muharram holiday 2020.
Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. Some Muslims fast during daylight hours on the ninth and 10th or 10th and 11th days of the month. They may also attend special prayer meetings in mosques or private homes. Not all Muslim groups observe this occasion in the same manner. Some Muslims regard Muharram as the month of mourning, commemorating the Battle of Karbala. Muharram is primarily an Islamic holiday but people of other religions may also take part in or observe the Muharram activities in India.
Muharram Celebrations across India, Both Shia and Sunni Muslims celebrate Muharram; however, they do not observe the occasion in the same manner. For Shias, it is a day of observance and not joy, and thus, they are in mourning for the 10-day period. They dress in black, attend special prayer meetings at mosques and even refrain from listening to music or attending events like weddings. On the 10th day, street processions take place in which they walk barefoot, chanting and whipping their chests until it draws blood to commemorate the sufferings of Imam Hussayn. Sunnis observe this day with fasting from the first to the 10th or 11th day of the month. This is voluntary, and the ones who fast are believed to be rewarded by Allah.
|Jan 19, 2008||Muharram|
|Jan 07, 2009||Muharram|
|Dec 27, 2009||Muharram|
|Dec 17, 2010||Muharram|
|Dec 06, 2011||Muharram|
|Nov 15, 2012||Muharram|
|Nov 14, 2013||Muharram|
|Nov 03, 2014||Muharram|
|Oct 24, 2015||Muharram|
|Oct 12, 2016||Muharram|
|Oct 01, 2017||Muharram|
|Sep 21, 2018||Muharram|
|Sep 10, 2019||Muharram|
|Expected -28 or Aug 29, 2020||Muharram|
|Expected - Aug 19, 2021||Muharram|